Erosion protection matting – The definition of erosion is washing away the soil by water and wind or due to geomorphological forces. Naturally, erosion causes a problem if the erosion rate is lower than or equal to the speed of soil formation. That is called normal erosion (geological erosion).
Human activities in several fields can accelerate erosion, resulting in a problem called accelerated erosion. In the event of accelerated erosion, the volume of soil washing away is greater than the formation of the soil. They result in a continuous thinning of the soil layer, which can eventually eliminate or float to the end of the coating.
The erosion type depends on the magnitude of the variables involved in the erosion process. Four main factors are considered to be involved in the erosion process, including climate, soil properties, topography and
ground cover vegetation
Causes of Erosion | Erosion Protection Matting
Erosion can occur due to several things. Among them:
- Natural Factor
The first cause of soil erosion is natural factors. This condition occurs because nature needs to maintain the balance of the soil. This erosion generally still provides ground as a medium for living plants.
- Human Activities
The second cause is human activity. This condition occurs when the top soil layer is peeled off due to the development area. It has crop cultivation practices do not pay attention to conservation systems and other destructive human activities.
A wide variety of anti-erosion mats are commercially available. However, most applications are divided into two categories: those with biodegradable elements and those made entirely from polymers designed to last longer. The biodegradable cover mat design controls and allows for the formation and maintain the soil. In most cases, this vegetation provides the most significant positive effect on erosion prevention. So when we choose an erosion control product. We need to consider what we can encourage to grow there, how long it will take to build, and how we can support that growth throughout the season.
The use of erosion control mats will be helpful in the following applications:
• Riverbanks and wetlands
• Banks of lakes/reservoirs
• Earth dam
• Wave and basin linings
• Landfill coverage
• Embankments and slopes (e.g., roads and railways)
• Noise divider
• Channel/overflow protection
Use of geotextiles based on coconut fiber for soil control
Erosion protection matting can be used effectively in many situations. Whether above the surface soil or on dry slopes, suitable coir geotextile options are available for all conditions. The three-dimensional and flexible coconut fiber geotextile matrix conforms to smooth surfaces. The turf reinforcement mat is laid on the prepared soil base without stones, lumps, roots, or other irregularities. Once set in place, the erosion control can be seeded and covered with soil or mulch. Its open structure provides soil space and promotes root and plant growth. As the roots develop, they become entangled in fused threads, anchoring the vegetation and creating a stable canopy. Coco geotextiles are also an ideal base for lawns. Many independent organizations have tested coconut geotextile.